The photographs and related illustrations presented here came from different sources. The names of individuals and organizations have been noted in the annotations. In addition, two printed sources were used:
Şengül Hablemitoğlu and Necip Hablemitoğlu, Şefika Gaspıralı ve Rusya'da Türk Kadın Hareketi (1893-1920). Ankara: Ajans Türk Matbaacılık, 1998.
Cafer Seidahmet, Gaspıralı Ismail Bey: Dilde, Fikirde, İşte Birlik. Istanbul, 1934.