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17 April 1938: A Solemn Occasion in Crimean Tatar History
Crimean Tatars remember the tragic day of 17 April 1938, when they lost the most important members of their intelligentsia. Crimean Tatar educators, literary figures and administrators in the Crimean government were first imprisoned and then executed in Simferopol during a 3-day period, beginning on April 17. They were the victims of Stalinist terror and repression, accused of nationalist activities and espionage. They were the enemy of the people. Among them were Hasan Sabri Ayvazov (former editor of the newspaper Tercüman and political figure, writer and publisher); Osman Akçokrakli (educator, scholar and university teacher); Huseyin Bodaninski (ethnographer and director of Kahn's Palace); Cafer Gafarov (journalist, writer and poet); Abdullah Latifzade (philologist and poet); and Ilyas Tarhan (government official and writer). It is not clear today how many Crimean Tatar intellectuals and professionals were shot to death during this 3-day period (April 17-19), and their burial place is unknown. We honor their memory, dedication and contributions. They will not be forgotten.
|Victims of 17 April 1938 |
Illustration: Emine Emirsaliyeva
The so-called restoration of Khan's Palace
The Khan's Palace (Han Saray) in Bakhchisaray, Crimea, has been a topic of controversy since November 2017. The Palace complex, which dates from the 16th century, served as the administrative center of the Crimean Tatar Khanate until 1783, when Russia annexed Crimea. Following the collapse of the Tsarist Russian government in 1917, Crimean Tatars voted to make the Palace complex their national museum. Last November, when the repatriates wanted to observe the 100th anniversary of Khan's Palace as a national landmark, they found the place locked because of the so-called restoration. Then followed the news that the wooden beams dating from the 18th century had been removed and replaced by concrete, and factory-made Spanish tiles were being substituted for the traditional Crimean Tatar tiles on the roof. We also learned that the Moscow-based company and its affiliate in Simferopol are in charge of the restoration project, but with no experience in restoring historic properties.
|Mosque at Khan's Palace|
For additional information, see: "Russia's barbaric destruction of Khan's Palace and Crimean Tatar heritage reaches new critical stage" by Halya Coynash. Illustration credit: QHA
Veteran Crimean Tatar activist dies
It is with great sadness that we report the death of Vedzhie Kashka, a well-known figure in Crimea. The 82-year-old activist, a veteran of the Crimean Tatar National Movement, Mrs. Kaska defended the rights of her people for over 50 years. She died of heart attack in Simferopol on November 23, after Russian security forces raided a cafe where she was meeting with fellow activists. The news of her death was covered internationally, by New York Times and human rights organizations. Here we share an article, "This Crimean Tatar Activist Survived Stalin--But Not Putin," written by Briggs Burton of the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation, Washington, DC. The article is partly based on an interview conducted with ICC President Inci Bowman.
|Vedzhie Kashka (1935-2017)|
Political Prisoners Released
In a surprizing move, Crimean Tatar political prisoners Akhtem Chiygoz and Ilmi Umerov were driven to Simferopol Airport and flown to Turkey on October 25, 2017. The release and pardon of the two Crimean Tatar leaders were negotiated
by the Turkish President R. Tayyip Erdogan, and the Russian government dropped all charges against them. Upon arrival in Kyiv on October 27, both Chiygoz and Umerov expressed their intention to return to Crimea, where their families live.
It became clear afterwards, however, that their release amounts to exile, and not complete freedom to live in their homeland. We are nevetheless pleased that the imprisonment of Chiygoz and Umerov came to an end, following their highly
publicized detention and trial lasting for months.
See also: Released Crimean Tatar leader: No "liberation" while my people, my land are not free.
Persecution of Crimean Tatar leaders
The US Department of State, United Nations, European Union and a number of human rights organizations have protested the ongoing human rights violations in Crimea and the recent convictions of Crimean Tatar leaders who oppose the Russian rule over their homeland. On October 5, the European Parliament adopted a resolution, criticizing the verdicts against the Crimean Tatars and Ukrainian journalist Mykola Semena, and demanding their release. After spending over two years in detention, Mr. Akhtem Chiygoz was convicted of organizing mass-disturbance on February 26, 2014, a date when Russia had no jurisdiction over Crimea. He was sentenced to eight years in prison on September 11. Mr. Ilmi Umerov was convicted for opposing Russian occupation and given a two-year sentence on September 27. Last year, in August 2016, Umerov was involuntarily confined to a psychiatric hospital in Simferopol while suffering from poor health. Critics charged that Russia had resorted to the Soviet method of "punitive psychiatry." Western governments do not recognize the Russian annexation and imposed sanctions against Crimea and Russia in response.
ICC at the Turkish Festival
For the second year, ICC participated in the Turkish Festival in Washington, DC, on Sunday, September 24. This is an event well attended and considered the "Best of DC" in the Best Festival category. ICC's booth featured books, DVDs, CDs, and ceramics of the well-known Crimean Tatar ceramicist Rustem Skibin, and information about Crimean Tatars living in Russian-controlled Crimea. Our involvement in the popular Festival provided us with an opportunity to meet and talk to many individuals about Crimean Tatar culture and history as well as the difficulties experienced by Crimean Tatars in their homeland.
"Crimean Tatars and the Russian Occupation"
"Crimean Tatars and the Russian Occupation" is a 5-minute slide program created by Barbara Wieser, a member of the ICC Board of Directors. It aims to familiarize the viewer with the homeland of Crimean Tatars and their recent experiences under Russian occupation. We would like to acknowledge the assistance of Lillia Muslimova in selecting the music. This is the revised version of an earlier program, also produced by Barbara Wieser. The program may be viewed on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p7IRjDyMLDM&feature=youtu.be
A Timeline: Crimean Tatars under Russian Occupation
It has been more than three years since Russian forces seized control of government facilities in Crimea and quickly moved to organize a questionable referendum that resulted in Russia's annexation of the peninsula in March 2014. Crimean Tatars have been under tremendous pressure ever since. Here we offer a brief chronology of events that lists human rights violations, including harassment and deportation of activists, exiling of Crimean Tatar leaders, intimidating members of the media, and illegal searches, confiscation of property, missing individuals and murder. Such abuses did not go unnoticed, and various governmental bodies and human rights organizations in the West responded by issuing statements and reports, documenting undue pressures exerted on the Crimean Tatar population. See: "A Timeline: Crimean Tatars under Russian Occupation."
Crimean Tatar Flag Day, June 26
Crimean Tatar Flag Day was observed in Washington, DC, as well in Kyiv and Ankara on 26 June 2017. On that day, the blue flag of Crimean Tatars (Gök Bayrak) flew along with the Ukrainian Flag on the roof of the Embassy of Ukraine in Washington. Inci Bowman, ICC President, was invited to attend the Ceremony and spoke briefly about the significance of the flag. The Gök Bayrak has been the national symbol of Crimean Tatars since 1917, when the first Kurultay (elected assembly) met in Bakchisaray, Crimea. Following the return of exiled Crimean Tatars to their homeland, the second Kurultay met in Simferopol in June 26-30, 1991 and reaffirmed the Gök Bayrak as their national flag. Hence, June 26.
|Crimean Tatar Flag at the Embassy of Ukraine|
Ceremony at the Victims of Communism Memorial
ICC participated in the 10th Annual Roll Call of Nations Wreath Laying Ceremony, sponsored by the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation, on 9 June 2017. Held at the site of the Victims of Communism Memorial in Washington, DC, the Ceremony honored the memory of more than 100 million victims of communist regimes. Over 300 individuals, representing a record number of 23 embassies and 34 ethnic and human rights organizations, attended the event. On behalf of the ICC, President Inci Bowman presented a wreath, honoring more than 100,000 Crimean Tatars, victimized by political repression, famines and deportations. ICC participated in the annual event every year since the unveiling of the Victims of Communism Memorial in 2007.
|Presenting wreath honoring Crimean Tatars|
Photographs relating to Crimean Tatars and Related Activities
Photographs relating to Crimean Tatars and related activities are now available at the FLICKR or PICASA Web sites:
- Nowruz Commission's Gala, 14 March 2015
- Ceremony at Victims of Communism Memorial, 11 June 2014
- Rally in support of Crimea, 6 March 2014
- Fallen Heroes Vigil, Washington DC, 23 February 2014
- Nenkejan Women's Club participates in 2012 GFWC Convention
- International Conference in Crimea, 14-15 October 2011
- Ceremony at Victims of Communism Memorial, Washington, DC, 10 June 2010
- Memorial Meeting in Simferopol,Crimea, 18 May 2010
- Nowruz Celebration at the Library of Congress, Washington, DC
- Wreath-laying Ceremony in Washington, DC, 18 May 2009
- Memorial Meeting in Simferopol, 18 May 2009.
- World Congress of Crimean Tatars, Simferopol, 19-23 May 2009.
- Activities of International Day of the World's Indigenous People, Simferopol, 8 August 2009
- A Crimean Tatar Wedding
- Children of Crimea
- Crimean Tatar Embroidery
- And More ...
Last Update: 12 May 2018